Debate Round Formats

NEDA competitions are divided into two formats: Crossfire and Traditional debates.  Both involve teams of two debaters and use the same Resolution, but each breaks down the round differently.

Crossfire Format:

  • First Affirmative Speaker (1A) – 4 minutes
  • First Negative Speaker (1N) – 4 minutes
    • First Crossfire (1A & 1N) – 3 minutes
  • Second Affirmative Speaker (2A) – 4 minutes
  • Second Negative Speaker (2N) – 4 minutes
    • Second Crossfire (2A & 2N) – 3 minutes
  • Affirmative Summary (1A) – 2 minutes
  • Negative Summary (1N) – 2 minutes
    • Grand Crossfire (ALL) – 3 minutes
  • Affirmative Final Focus (2A) – 1 minute
  • Negative Final Focus (2N) – 1 minute

Crossfire_Debate_Format (handout version)

Traditional Format:

  • First Affirmative Constructive (1A) – 8 minutes
    • Cross-examination (2N) – 3 minutes
  • First Negative Constructive (1N) – 8 minutes
    • Cross-examination (1A) – 3 minutes
  • Second Affirmative Constructive (2A) – 8 minutes
    • Cross-examination (1N) – 3 minutes
  • Second Negative Constructive (2N) – 8 minutes
    • Cross-examination (2N) – 3 minutes
  • Negative Rebuttal (1N) – 5 minutes
  • Affirmative Rebuttal (1A) – 5 minutes
  • Negative Rebuttal (2N) – 5 minutes
  • Negative Rebuttal (2A) – 5 minutes